The Roman Empire was the ancient Roman civilization that expanded to control
much of Europe and the region surrounding the Mediterranean Sea from 27 BC to 476 (Western Roman Empire) or 1453 (Eastern Roman Empire). The Roman Empire followed the Roman Kingdom and the Roman Republic (of Julius Caesar fame). The great expansion of Roman territory occurred during the Roman Empire. Rome was once the capital of all of western civilization, during the Roman Empire.
Who were the Gladiators ?
During the Roman Republic and Roman Empire, the gladiators were armed fighters who fought in amphitheaters in front of audiences for entertainment purposes. Gladiators fought other gladiators, animals, or criminals, usually to the death, using a variety of weapons.
When was Italian unification ?
On March 17, 1861, under King Vittorio Emmanuele II the Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed. The regions of Italy were unified in 1870.
What is the national holiday of Italy ?
June 2 – Republic day, celebrating the constitution in 1946.
What are the regions of Italy ?
There are 15 regions and 5 autonomous regions.
Regions and their capitals :
Abruzzo – L’Aquila
Basilicata – Potenza
Calabria – Catanzaro
Campania – Naples
Emilia-Romagna – Bologna
Lazio (Latium) – Rome
Liguria – Genoa
Lombardia – Milan
Marche – Ancona
Molise – Campobasso
Piemonte (Piedmont) – Turin
Puglia (Apulia) – Bari
Toscana (Tuscany) – Florence
Umbria – Perugia
Veneto (Venetia) – Venice
Friuli-Venezia Giulia – Trieste
Sardegna (Sardinia) – Caligiari
Sicilia (Sicily) – Palermo
Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-South Tyrol)
Valle d’Aosta (Aosta Valley) – Aosta
Why does Venice have canals ?
Venice is actually made up of a series of 117 islands, and the canals, along with bridges, are the main way to get around the city.
Is there an official religion in Italy ?
While Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion of Italy, it is no longer the official religion. Italian culture is still very much influenced by the Catholic Church. The headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church is located in Rome in the Vatican City, where the Pope resides.
Where is the oldest university in the Western world ?
Bologna – the University of Bologna has been in continuous operation since 1088. Famous alumni include Dante Alighieri, Petrarch, Nicolaus Copernicus, Umberto Eco, and Romano Prodi.