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Italy Facts

Find here all unearthed facts about Italy, including history, maps, tradition, cities, currency, economy and the like.


Italy Fast Facts Infographic

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What is the capital of Italy?
Rome

What type of government does Italy have?
Unitary parliamentary republic

Who is the President of Italy?
Giorgio Napolitano

Who is the Prime Minister of Italy?
Matteo Renzi

What countries border Italy?
France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia all border Italy. Italy is a peninsula, surrounded on 3 sides by the Mediterranean Sea.

How big is Italy?
301,225 square kilometers or 116,303 square miles

What is the population of Italy?
Approximately 61 million

What languages are spoken in Italy?
Italian is the official language of Italy, but there are regions that speak German, French, and Slovene.

What currency is used in Italy?
Italy has used the Euro since 2002. Before that it used the Italian lira between 1861 and 2002.

What volcanoes are in Italy?
Mount Etna in Sicily is Europe’s most active volcano. Vesuvius and Stromboli are the other two active volcanoes in Italy. Italy has a total of 14 volcanoes.

Read: Interesting Facts about Mount Etna


What are the two independent city-states within Italy?
San Marino and Vatican City

What was the Roman Empire?
The Roman Empire was the ancient Roman civilization that expanded to control
much of Europe and the region surrounding the Mediterranean Sea from 27 BC to 476 (Western Roman Empire) or 1453 (Eastern Roman Empire). The Roman Empire followed the Roman Kingdom and the Roman Republic (of Julius Caesar fame). The great expansion of Roman territory occurred during the Roman Empire. Rome was once the capital of all of western civilization, during the Roman Empire.

Who were the Gladiators?
During the Roman Republic and Roman Empire, the gladiators were armed fighters who fought in amphitheaters in front of audiences for entertainment purposes. Gladiators fought other gladiators, animals, or criminals, usually to the death, using a variety of weapons.

When was Italian unification?
On March 17, 1861, under King Vittorio Emmanuele II the Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed. The regions of Italy were unified in 1870.

What is the national holiday of Italy?
June 2 – Republic day, celebrating the constitution in 1946.

What are the regions of Italy?
There are 15 regions and 5 autonomous regions.

Regions and their capitals :
  • Abruzzo – L’Aquila
  • Basilicata – Potenza
  • Calabria – Catanzaro
  • Campania – Naples
  • Emilia-Romagna – Bologna
  • Lazio (Latium) – Rome
  • Liguria – Genoa
  • Lombardia – Milan
  • Marche – Ancona
  • Molise – Campobasso
  • Piemonte (Piedmont) – Turin
  • Puglia (Apulia) – Bari
  • Toscana (Tuscany) – Florence
  • Umbria – Perugia
  • Veneto (Venetia) – Venice

Autonomous Regions:
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia – Trieste
  • Sardegna (Sardinia) – Caligiari
  • Sicilia (Sicily) – Palermo
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-South Tyrol)
  • Valle d’Aosta (Aosta Valley) – Aosta

Why does Venice have canals?
Venice is actually made up of a series of 117 islands, and the canals, along with bridges, are the main way to get around the city.

Is there an official religion in Italy?
While Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion of Italy, it is no longer the official religion. Italian culture is still very much influenced by the Catholic Church. The headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church is located in Rome in the Vatican City, where the Pope resides.

Where is the oldest university in the Western world?
Bologna – the University of Bologna has been in continuous operation since 1088. Famous alumni include Dante Alighieri, Petrarch, Nicolaus Copernicus, Umberto Eco, and Romano Prodi.