The district is also surrounded by the Adriatic Sea on the east, the Ionian Sea on the southeast corner and the Strait of Otranto and Gulf of Taranto in the south. Under the presidentship of Nichi Vendola,
Apulia region also shares it national border with Greece and Albania, across the Adriatic and Ionian Seas, respectively and Monte Gargano till the further north. It is the seventh densest region of Italy.
During past, only the northern part of the Apulia province was called Apulia. The southern peninsula was called as Calabria. One of the richest in archeological findings, Apulia's origin dated back to 1st millennium BC. Several Illyric and Italic inhabited that time. Later, the Greeks haunted the land. During the Imperial age Apulia became a prominent commercial area flourishing in productions of grain and oil.
It also became the most important exporter among other Eastern provinces. After the collapse of Rome, Apulia was infested by the Goths, the Lombards and the Byzantines. In 1059, Apulia became a duchy region. Afterwards, in 1861, the fall of Two Sicilies took place and with the formation of social and agrarian reforms, Apulia economy slowly accelerated the pace of other contemporary developed provinces by the mid-20th century Geographically, Apulia consists of vast lands of plains with some broken mountainous plateaus of Gargano Peninsula in the north and also some central parts. Some of the most important places of Apulia region are Alberobello, Andria, Barletta, Canosa, Conversano, Francavilla Fontana, Gallipoli, Gioia del Colle, Gravina in Apulia, Grottaglie, Manfredonia, Martina Franca, Molfetta, Monopoli, Ostuni, Otranto, Palo del Colle, Santa Maria di Leuca, San Giovanni Rotondo, San Vito dei Normanni, Trani Apulia is divided into six provinces:
- Bari, also the capital of Apulia