The four main states that form the southern part of India are Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Lakshadweep and Pondicherry including Yaman, Mahe and Kraikal. On the southern most tip of this region is Kanyakumari, one of the popular religious shrines of the Hindus.
The popularly spoken languages in South India are the Dravidian languages, but some communities like the Konkani speak other than Dravidian languages. The languages mainly spoken in south India are Tamil, Kannada, Telugu, Malayalam, Konkani and Tulu.
With a tropical climate south India is famous for its flora and fauna. South India has flourishing evergreen vegetation. The Western Ghats are full of moist deciduous forests, tropical dry forests, dry deciduous forests and thorny scrub forests. It is common in central Deccan plateau, the high altitude rain forests on the south Western Ghats, the moist forests on the Malabar Coast give a picturesque view of the biodiversity in South India.
South India with rich lush green forests, historical locations, tranquil sunlight beaches, mighty green hills, colorful folk art, soothing music, distinctive and beautiful culture, and warm and friendly environment forms an exotic and exquisite tourist destination. The famous cities of South India, which are important tourists destinations too include:
- Mountain stream in Nelliampathi
- Periyar National Park,
- Silent Valley National Park,
- Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve
- Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary
- Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary
- Neelapattu and Pulicat Sanctuary.
- Annamalai Hills
- Nilgiri Hills
- Pulicut Lake
- Backwaters Kerala
- The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
- Mudumalai National Park
- Bandipur National Park,
- Nagarhole National Park
- Waynad wildlife sanctuary