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The Most Water-Stressed Countries in the World

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World Map Showing the Most Water Stressed Countries by 2040
The World Map Depicts the Most Water-Stressed Nations by 2040

 

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Water is the basic necessity of mankind. It is needed for every activity whether it is in agriculture, commercial purposes or domestic consumption. However, the population across the globe is increasing at a fast pace and the stress on water resources has already begun to show. In fact, in some nations water has almost become a luxury and it is estimated that the next few years will see a rise in the demand for water. Further, people are migrating to cities in search of better opportunities and this will further strain water resources. So, what will be the situation in 2040?

To assess the water situation in 167 nations by 2040, the World Resources Institute ranked and scored the future water-stress in these countries. WRI gave the nations a score between 0 and 5. While 5 was the greatest level of water risk, 0 was the least.

According to the data, the situation is dire in 33 countries. These countries, which have scores of 4 and 5, will face extremely high water-stress by 2040. Domestic users, businesses, as well as agricultural farms will face much more scarcity than what they are facing in the current times.

Of these 33 countries, the ones that will be the most water-stressed by 2040 and have scores of 5 out of 5 are Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, San Marino, Singapore, United Arab Emirates, Palestine, and Israel. The other high stress nations which have a score ranging between 4 and 5 are Saudi Arabia, Oman, Lebanon, Libya, Chile, Greece, Turkey, Morocco, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and some other nations.

Mexico, Italy, India, Australia, the United States of America, China, South Africa, Ukraine, the Philippines, etc are the nations scoring between 3 and 4. Here the water stress would be high by 2040 but not as alarming as that of the countries mentioned above. The United Kingdom, France, Japan, Nepal, Argentina, the Netherlands and a few other nations have scored between 2 and 3. These countries fall in the medium to high segment.

Still, there are a couple of nation where the situation will be relatively good by 2040. Countries such as Vietnam, Hungary, Brazil, Denmark, Nigeria, New Zealand, Bhutan, South Sudan, Austria, Norway, and many other nations have scores of less than one meaning that these would be the least water stressed by 2040.

The table below provides information on the nations which would be the most water-stressed by 2040.

Most Water-stressed Country Score
1 Bahrain 5.00
2 Kuwait 5.00
3 Qatar 5.00
4 San Marino 5.00
5 Singapore 5.00
6 United Arab Emirates 5.00
7 Palestine 5.00
8 Israel 5.00
9 Saudi Arabia 4.99
10 Oman 4.97
11 Lebanon 4.97
12 Kyrgyzstan 4.93
13 Iran 4.91
14 Jordan 4.86
15 Libya 4.77
16 Yemen 4.74
17 Macedonia 4.70
18 Azerbaijan 4.69
19 Morocco 4.68
20 Kazakhstan 4.66
21 Iraq 4.66
22 Armenia 4.60
23 Pakistan 4.48
24 Chile 4.45
25 Syria 4.44
26 Turkmenistan 4.30
27 Turkey 4.27
28 Greece 4.23
29 Uzbekistan 4.19
30 Algeria 4.17
31 Afghanistan 4.12
32 Spain 4.07
33 Tunisia 4.06
34 Mexico 3.99
35 Dominican Republic 3.94
36 Estonia 3.91
37 Mongolia 3.85
38 Belgium 3.74
39 Italy 3.67
40 India 3.61
41 Andorra 3.57
42 Monaco 3.56
43 Australia 3.55
44 Portugal 3.55
45 Tajikistan 3.44
46 Sri Lanka 3.33
47 United States of America 3.32
48 China 3.30
49 Albania 3.28
50 Haiti 3.27
51 Indonesia 3.26
52 Ukraine 3.25
53 South Africa 3.19
54 Namibia 3.18
55 Peru 3.18
56 Timor-Leste 3.18
57 Philippines 3.01
58 Botswana 3.00
59 Eritrea 3.00
60 Kosovo 2.96
61 Cuba 2.90
62 Moldova 2.85
63 Luxembourg 2.76
64 Georgia 2.75
65 Argentina 2.69
66 Netherlands 2.67
67 Swaziland 2.63
68 South Korea 2.59
69 United Kingdom 2.38
70 Lithuania 2.30
71 France 2.28
72 Japan 2.24
73 Nepal 2.18
74 Poland 2.05
75 Venezuela 1.98
76 Ecuador 1.88
77 Finland 1.86
78 Lesotho 1.84
79 Bulgaria 1.84
80 Thailand 1.82
81 Czech Republic 1.81
82 Russia 1.79
83 Malaysia 1.78
84 Ireland 1.73
85 Germany 1.70
86 Somalia 1.66
87 Sweden 1.63
88 Sudan 1.56
89 Egypt 1.53
90 North Korea 1.50
91 Romania 1.50
92 Belarus 1.35
93 Switzerland 1.26
94 Canada 1.26
95 Guatemala 1.23
96 Montenegro 1.22
97 Angola 1.21
98 Honduras 1.17
99 Taiwan 1.14
100 Slovakia 1.08
101 Mauritania 1.05
102 El Salvador 1.03
103 Zimbabwe 1.02
104 United Republic of Tanzania 1.00
105 Senegal 0.98
106 Costa Rica 0.97
107 Vietnam 0.96
108 Republic of Serbia 0.93
109 Latvia 0.92
110 Nigeria 0.90
111 Hungary 0.89
112 Madagascar 0.88
113 Brazil 0.88
114 Gambia 0.85
115 Bolivia 0.79
116 Slovenia 0.78
117 Mozambique 0.72
118 Denmark 0.70
119 Chad 0.67
120 Croatia 0.66
121 Ethiopia 0.66
122 Austria 0.65
123 Kenya 0.64
124 New Zealand 0.61
125 Guyana 0.61
126 Liechtenstein 0.59
127 Uruguay 0.59
128 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.58
129 Ghana 0.57
130 Norway 0.55
131 Belize 0.41
132 Nicaragua 0.40
133 Papua New Guinea 0.40
134 Burkina Faso 0.39
135 Cambodia 0.38
136 Colombia 0.37
137 Ivory Coast 0.34
138 Mali 0.32
139 Bangladesh 0.32
140 Togo 0.32
141 Burundi 0.30
142 Djibouti 0.28
143 Niger 0.28
144 Suriname 0.22
145 Zambia 0.20
146 Myanmar 0.17
147 Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.15
148 Rwanda 0.10
149 Laos 0.08
150 Malawi 0.08
151 Liberia 0.03
152 Guinea 0.02
153 Sierra Leone 0.02
154 Uganda 0.01
155 Cameroon 0.01
156 Benin 0.01
157 Brunei 0.01
158 Paraguay 0.00
159 Panama 0.00
160 Guinea Bissau 0.00
161 Bhutan 0.00
162 Central African Republic 0.00
163 Equatorial Guinea 0.00
164 Gabon 0.00
165 Iceland 0.00
166 Republic of the Congo 0.00
167 South Sudan 0.00

(Data sourced from World Resources Institute)

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