Politically, Greece is considered part of Europe, demonstrated by its membership in the European Union.
Land Borders and Political Boundaries
Greece shares land borders with four countries: Albania, Bulgaria, Turkey, and the FYROM (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia). Albania, to the northwest of Greece is closest to the Ionian Islands and shares a land border with Greece. The Republic of Macedonia, to the north of Greece is closest to the Macedonian regions. Bulgaria to the northeast of Greece is closest to Kavala and the region of Thrace. Turkey is situated to the east and northeast of Greece, across the Aegean Sea and also sharing land borders with Greece.
Area and Region
Greece has a land area of approximately 131,957 square kilometers (50, 949 square miles) and a coastline that stretches approximately 13,676 kilometers (8498 miles), one of the longest of all countries in the world. The Greek Peninsula is made up of a central mountainous region and coastal regions. The country has over 2,000 islands in the Ionian, Mediterranean, and Aegean Seas but only about 227 of these are inhabited. The mainland forms the Peloponnesus Peninsula and the capital city, Athens is located there. Greece's connection to the Turkish Straits and the Isthmus of Corinth with the peninsula make it a strategically significant nation.
The location of Greece in the Aegean-Mediterranean-Ionian Sea region has given the country a long maritime history. Greece is a member of the NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), the military alliance of the USA, Canada, and a number of European Nations, since February 1952.
The country of Greece is in the Europe continent and the latitude and longitude for the country are 38.3228° N, 22.2592° E.
The neighboring countries of Greece are:
- Republic of Macedonia
Last Updated : February 15, 2013