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The country encompasses a total area of 17,413 square miles. According to 2010 estimates, the country is inhabited by 1,340,021 people. The per capita nominal GDP of the country is $14,836. The official language of the nation is Estonian. Swedish is also spoken widely by the local people. The main religion is Christianity.
Estonia was founded close to the end of the final glacial period, starting from about 8,500 BC. After the Northern Campaigns, Estonia turned into a battlefield for hundreds of years where Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Russia, and Poland combated for dominating the major territorial location of the nation. The country was occupied by Germans and Danes in 1227. It first achieved its independence from the Germans in 1918. After World War II, it was occupied by Soviet Russia. Independence was reinstated on August 20, 1991.
At present, Estonia has the maximum per capita GDP than any nation that was a part of the former Soviet Union. The World Bank accredits the country as a high-income economy. It is also a member of OECD (Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development). It is a member of the Eurozone and European Union and has a flourishing market economy, as stated by the International Monetary Fund. Major industries include engineering, timber and timber products, electronics, textiles, and information technology. Estonia exports machinery, wood and paper, textiles, metals, and food products; the imports include transportation machinery, chemicals, textiles, and foods.