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U.S. Presidential Election 1932

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The presidential election of 1932 took place in the aftermath of the Stock Market Crash of 1929, after the onset of the Great Depression. Many of incumbent President Herbert Hoover's financial policies were called into question, allowing Democratic nominee Franklin D. Roosevelt to step in and rise to power. Franklin D. Roosevelt won the 1932 election in a landslide victory, becoming the thirty-second President of the United States.
During times of economic crisis and high unemployment, incumbent presidents rarely win reelection, and the election of 1932 was no outlier. President Hoover was blamed for worsening the depression by restricting trade, and was criticized for his economic decisions, like the Smoot-Hawley Tariff and the Revenue Act of 1932, which raised taxes for everyone. The public saw his tax increases as excessive and believed he was overspending taxpayer money on his stimulus projects, though his supporters argued that these policies would pull the country out of the depression. He was also accused by the opposition of being a socialist.

At the Republican National Convention, Hoover's team controlled the proceedings, assuring that Hoover came out with the nomination. Votes were cast to nominate John J. Blaine, former President Calvin Coolidge, and Joseph France, but Hoover won the nomination with an overwhelming 98 percent of the vote. Vice President Charles Curtis was also renominated, but with more resistance.

At the Democratic National Convention former party leader, Al Smith, who had served as governor of New York was up against incumbent Governor of New York, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, a distant cousin of former President Theodore Roosevelt. Speaker of the House John Nance Garner also ran for the nomination, but when none of the candidates received the necessary two-thirds majority, Garner agreed to drop out of the race and become Roosevelt's running mate, and Roosevelt won the nomination. The Socialist Party nominated Norman Thomas, who took leadership over the party after the death of five-time presidential nominee Eugene V. Debs. Other third parties in the 1932 presidential race came from the Communist and Prohibition Parties, though neither received a substantial amount of public support.

Roosevelt campaigned against Hoover and the Republican spending policies, vowing to cut government spending and services and bring the country out of the depression. He devised a plan he called the New Deal, which would break from Hoover's policies, focusing on the three Rs: relief, recovery, and reform. His campaign strategy was successful, and the public's displeasure with Hoover worked in Roosevelt's favor.

Roosevelt won most of the country except for the Northeast, receiving a record 472 electoral votes to Hoover's 59. This brought the long period of Republican power to an end, ushering in an era of Democratic leadership. The U.S. political system was realigned to form what is known as the Fifth Party System.

Roosevelt's win broke records for the most electoral votes received both by a first-time candidate and by a non-incumbent, as well as the record for the highest number of of electoral votes ever won.

The breakdown of candidates and electoral votes was as follows:
Presidential CandidateHome StatePartyElectoral VotesRunning Mate
Franklin D. RooseveltNew YorkDemocratic472John N. Garner
Herbert C. HooverCaliforniaRepublican59Charles Curtis
Norman ThomasNew YorkSocialist0James Maurer
William Z. FosterIllinoisCommunist0James W. Ford
Total  531

US Presidential Elections History
2012 US Presidential Election1936 US Presidential Election1860 US Presidential Election
2008 US Presidential Election1932 US Presidential Election1856 US Presidential Election
2004 US Presidential Election1928 US Presidential Election1852 US Presidential Election
2000 US Presidential Election1924 US Presidential Election1848 US Presidential Election
1996 US Presidential Election1920 US Presidential Election1844 US Presidential Election
1992 US Presidential Election1916 US Presidential Election1840 US Presidential Election
1988 US Presidential Election1912 US Presidential Election1836 US Presidential Election
1984 US Presidential Election1908 US Presidential Election1832 US Presidential Election
1980 US Presidential Election1904 US Presidential Election1828 US Presidential Election
1976 US Presidential Election1900 US Presidential Election1824 US Presidential Election
1972 US Presidential Election1896 US Presidential Election1820 US Presidential Election
1968 US Presidential Election1892 US Presidential Election1816 US Presidential Election
1964 US Presidential Election1888 US Presidential Election1812 US Presidential Election
1960 US Presidential Election1884 US Presidential Election1808 US Presidential Election
1956 US Presidential Election1880 US Presidential Election1804 US Presidential Election
1952 US Presidential Election1876 US Presidential Election1800 US Presidential Election
1948 US Presidential Election1872 US Presidential Election1796 US Presidential Election
1944 US Presidential Election1868 US Presidential Election1792 US Presidential Election
1940 US Presidential Election1864 US Presidential Election1789 US Presidential Election

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