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The Republic of Ecuador is situated at the northwest part of South America bordered by Peru in the south and the east, Colombia in the north and the Pacific Ocean in the west. The Galapagos Islands in the Pacific Ocean are part of Ecuador’s territory. Ecuador is the seventy fourth largest country of the world covering a total area of 283,561 sq. km. including the Galapagos Islands. The Galapagos Island shares its border with Cocos Island of Costa Rica. It is also the place where Darwin’s Theory of Evolution was born and is also considered a UNESCO”S World Heritage Site.
Ecuador is home to thousands of species of Butterflies, birds, reptiles and Plants. This country experiences tropical to sub-tropical climate. Culturally Spanish tradition defines Ecuador’s cultural tone. Economically Ecuador is the eighth largest economy of Latin America. Quito is the capital city of the country and Guayaquil is its largest city.