|Full name:||Kyrgyz Republic|
|Language:||Kyrgyz, Russian (official)|
|Religion:||Muslim, Russian Orthodox|
|National Anthem:||National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic (High mountains, valleys and fields)|
|Newspaper:||Digest, Gateway to Kyrgyzstan, Korparativny Vestnik|
|Places to Visit:||Bishkek, Kyrgyz Ferghana Valley, Ala-Archa Canyon, Lake Issyk-Kul, Osh.|
|Transport:||Three flights seems to travel from London to Bishkek within the British Mediterranean. Bishkek is linked with Istanbul, Moscow, Kiev and Novosibirsk. Fly to Almaty in Kazakstan or avail a bus ride for three hours to Bishkek where a transit visa is a must. One can even opt for train services to Tashkent, Almaty and Krasnoyarsk (Siberia), and to Moscow. Use jeep rides from Bishkek to Kashgar through the Torugart Pass.|
|Shopping:||Felt carpets, native men's attire known as ak-kalpak, hats, jewelry, clothing and ornate riding gear.|
Physical Map Of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan is divided into seven chief provinces while Bishkek being its capital city. The major portion of Kyrgyzstan is engulfed with Tian Shan mountainous slopes while the rest of the region rests within silent valleys and untouched river basins.
Issyk-Kul resting along the northwestern region of Tian Shan stands out as the largest lake within the state and ranks in the second position as the largest mountain lake in the world right after Titicaca.
Kakshaal-Too range stands as the country's highest mountainous peaks that strengthen the Chinese border. Jengish Chokusu that ascends to a length of 24,400 feet is the highest known point. The chief river of the region is Naryn that passes through the western area to the Fergana Valley reaching the area of Uzbekistan, where it connects with Kara Darya to form Syr Darya, which ultimately leads to the Aral Sea. The Chui River is even seen to flow along the area of Kyrgyzstan as it enters Kazakhstan.
Location Of Kyrgyzstan
The Republic of Kyrgyzstan is nestled within the Central Asia surrounded by nations like Kazakhstan towards the northern end, Uzbekistan towards the western end, Tajikistan to the southwest region and the People's Republic of China towards the southeastern end.
Climate Of Kyrgyzstan
The climate of Kyrgyzstan is affected with its geographical variations and other related factors as per the region wise. Kyrgyzstan is subjected to continental weather conditions with limited amount of precipitation.
Most portion of the continent is engulfed within the temperate zone while the southern region is affected with the subtropic zone. The southwestern region of Fergana Valley is affected with subtropical conditions witnessing hot summers with temperature ascending to 40ºC.
Observe a temperate kind of weather setting at the northern foothills where the elevated area of Tian Shan is subjugated with dry to polar surroundings.
Winters are cooler in nature that continues consecutively till 40 days. The region is affected with subsequent snowfall in the deserted areas to severe flooding that distresses the downstream.
Flag Of Kyrgyzstan
The Kyrgyzstan flag was officially accepted in the month of March 3, 1992. The flag is designed with a yellow radiant sun, positioned in the center of the flag. The sun is wonderfully set over a red colored background emitting about emits about 40 rays that denotes the diverse Kyrgyz tribes residing within the region. A symbolic yurt is well positioned within the sun, which is supposedly the conventional abode of the natives. The sun seems to rotate counterclockwise when seen from left to right while it rotates clockwise while noticed from the reverse end. The flag gives instances of the brave Kyrgyz hero named Manas.
Flora And Fauna Of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan promises you with diverse range of fauna along the altitudinal sector marked with plants like steppes; meadow-steppes, meadows along with bushes in the northern front while the southern region are filled with alpine meadows. There are about 3676 types of plants present in this province. Among the species mention can be made of plants like vasilistnik, Karakol akonit, Turkestan motherwort, big elecampane, Turkestan termopsis, coltsfoot, origanum, sea buckthorn, horsetail ephedra and many others. Among the wild flowers one can view plants like the joinweed, saltwort, barberries, rhubarb, Fergana spurge, golden drop and much more. Walnut forests, Siverse apple tree, standard pear, Tian-Shan cherry, barberries, almonds, pistachio are quite commonly found within the region.
The Brown bear is seen to rest along the alpine meadows during the summer months. Watch out for species like the wild rams, wolfs, marmots, hares, and mountain goats that can be seen here quite frequently. The rarest species found here are wild ram, aurochs, roe, bear, deer, lynx, red deer, and snow leopard. The native birds of the region are mountain goose, partridge, rock pigeon, alpine jackdaw, and big desert bullfinch.
Kyrgyzstan is constituted with the largest ethnic group, named as Kyrgyz that are Turkic residents residing here which covers about 69.5 % of the total inhabitants. These semi-nomadic herders reside within yurts and spend their time looking after species like the sheep's, horses and yaks. These herding residents reach the high mountain for pastures or jailoo, during the summer months. The word Kyrgyz relates well to the local natives along with the Kyrgyzstan nation as a whole that give a meaning of "forty girls", referring mainly to the Manas folklore and the unity that holds the diverse forty tribes together, standing in opposition to the Mongols.
The other ethnic groups residing within the region are:
- Russians (located in the north)
- Uzbeks (south)
- Minorities like Tatars, Uyghurs, Kazakhs, Ukrainians, Germans, Hui (Dungans, or Chinese Muslims) and Tajiks.
Arts, Culture And Music Of Kyrgyzstan
- Art : The natives of Kyrgyzstan indulges most of their hours crafting cultural art like weaving, opting for embroidery creations, applique designing, skin stamping, bones fretwork incrustation, jewelry designing, art wood carving and much more activities. Several leather art decorations adorn the vessels where by the local natives make the tushkizes, the popular wall's carpets. Patterned weaving like Cyi-it even adorns the walls of local villagers.
- Culture : Marriage by abduction or Bride kidnapping are commonly practiced tradition within the area. One usually speaks "kechiresiz" or "oy"for calling or refering to somebody they meet on the way. Kyrgyz women are known for their textile works especially taken from the sheep felt. The hand-made carpets or rugs which are known as shirdaks are commonly seen in each house of the villagers. Tush kyiz a beautiful embroidered wall hangings, adorns the houses of marriage couples within the area.
- Music : The music of Kyrgyzstan shares a close relation with the Turkmen and Kazakh folk rhythm. The long notes within the native folk music well corresponds to the Russian musical rhythm. One can even watch out for wandering musicians and shamans, which are popularly referred to as manaschi who sing and indulge in komuz-playing.
Economy Of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan economy is completely dependent on the agricultural industry. Among the agricultural products mention can be made of products like cotton, tobacco, wool, and meat. Cotton and tobacco are exported from the country in huge numbers.
Several improvised market reforms has been established along with regulatory schemes and land development, so as to improve the economy within the country.
Accepted as the first CIS country, Kyrgyzstan creates a wonderful place within the World Trade Organization. Because of large mountainous terrain, the region of Kyrgyzstan indulges in livestock rearing, which is one of the chief sectors. Leather, and silk also are chief industrial products relating to the agro processing industry attracts several overseas investors.
Kyrgyzstan is known for the extraction of the mining and energy resources but with limited petroleum and natural gas assets. Coal, gold, uranium, antimony, and other products are some of rarest metals found within the region.
- Goods that are exported from this region are cotton, wool, meat, tobacco; hydropower, gold, natural gas, mercury, uranium, machinery and shoes.
- Goods that are imported include oil and gas, machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs.