The town of Ibb is supposed to have been established in 1 millennium BCE according to local Arabic stories and in 20th century, it became a chair of semi-autonomous emirate. However, in the year 1944, the emirate status of Ibb was cancelled by the King. In the year 1982, the town suffered from a major earthquake.
The primary occupation of the people of Ibb is agriculture and although the region is mainly mountainous, the rich volcanic soil is helpful for plant growth. The major agricultural products include coffee, khat, millet, fruits, vegetable, barley and wheat. The Ibb town also has small handicraft industries.