Damascus Location and Orientation provides an insight into the various facets of the capital city of Syria.
Damascus Location and Orientation give a comprehensive idea about the varied aspects of this city located in the southwest corner of Syria. A rich and fascinating past, a varied geography, a diverse population and their art and culture provide Damascus a charm of its own.
The geographic co-ordinates of Damascus are 33° 30? 46.8? N, 36° 17? 31.2? E. The city is situated on a 680 m high plateau. The topography of Damascus is characterized by the Kassioun Mountain, Barda and Yazeed Rivers and Ghoutah Oasis.The city covers an area of about 573 sq km and is protected by the Anti-Lebanon Mountains in the west.
Damascus orientation offers an overview of the city in Syria. At various points in the past, Damascus was under the rule of different foreign rulers. Alexander, the Great, the Greek emperor, established his supremacy over the city in 333 B.C. The later times witnessed the advent of the Romans, the Muslims and the Ottomans. Damascus achieved independence in 1946 after the end of French domination over Syria.
The population of Damascus stands at 6 million. Comprising of various ethnic groups, the people of Damascus include Arabs, Armenians, Kurds, Turks and Circassians. Islam and Christianity are the two main religions practiced by the people. The official language of Damascus is Arabic.