Physical Geography of Lisbon
The city covers an area of 84.8 sq. km or 33 sq mile. The Portuguese capital city is bounded by some of major cities of the nation. Due to the narrow city perimeter, several administrative cities developed around Lisbon such as, Amadora, Loures, Queluz, Odivelas, Almada, Seixal, Cacém, Barreiro, Sacavém and Oeiras, which serve as a part of the metropolitan border of Lisbon. The western part of the city is covered by the Monsanto Forest Park, which is now one of the largest urban parks of Europe spanning around 10 square kilometers. The newly developed area, known as the Greater Lisbon makes covers an area of 2750 sq. km.
Geographical Information about Lisbon
The historic city of Lisbon is sited on seven hills, which makes it a moderately mountainous region. Lisbon is located on the right bank of the Tagus River. Its strategic location is 400 km from the northern boundary with Spain and 300 km from the Algarve southwards. Some of the streets of Lisbon are too steep for driving. Therefore, the city has developed three cable railway services and one elevator system.
Lisbon enjoys a temperate and mild climate. Short winters and long hot summers make Lisbon climate quite pleasant throughout the year. The maximum temperature in Lisbon rises to 28 Celsius. The months of December and March usually experience rainfall. Temperature rarely falls during the autumn and winter months. However, Lisbon remains sunny the whole year. Temperatures seldom fall to freezing point. Lisbon being proximal to the sea, mist, fog and drizzling rain sometimes make Lisbon slightly cooler than other cities of Portugal.
Lisbon geography has largely affected the industrial development of the city as well as the nation.