Human settlement at Byblos began as early as 7000 years ago with a Neolithic fishing community being the first one to inhabit the place. With the coming of the Bronze Age the area underwent a transition as it flourished economically owing to the timber export to Egypt and import of linen, alabaster, gold and papyrus rope. Later Byblos was ruled by Alexander the Great and was completely under the Grecian influence. It was manifested in the monumental baths, temples and other public buildings.
Byblos is known for the various architectural monuments which were excavated over the years. These include the Medieval City Wall, Ancient Phoenician Temples, the Byblos Castle, the ancient souks and quarters. The Fossil Museum, the Wax Museum and the International Festival have further contributed to the number of tourist attractions in the city. The Wax Museum showcases the history of the place as the different wax models are that of historical personalities and of events of historical significance.
The huge medieval walls found all over the lanes and by lanes of Byblos almost take the shape of a maze and appear intriguing .The houses are so closely built that they seem to be sharing each others domains. In stark contrast to this is the area of the town which houses the hotels, restaurants, souvenir shops and snack bars.
Byblos ideally blends together tradition and contemporaneity.