The presiding deities of these temples were Jupiter, Venus and Mercury. The monuments of Baalbeck were much affected by war, earthquake and theft. The exiting sites are the results of the hard works of archaeologists from Germany, France and Lebanon itself.
The location of Baalbeck in Lebanon is very interesting. On one hand it is located between the Mediterranean coast and the Syrian interior. On the other hand it also shares it border with the northern Syria and northern Palestine. Presently the city has got recognition as an important economic as well as administrative center.
The date of the constructions can be traced back to third millennium B.C. However it has been proved that there was an enclosed court in the 1st millennium. The altar in the middle was set following the Biblical Semitic high places. The city came to be known as Heliopolis or the City of the Sun after the Greeks identified the God of Baalbeck with the sun God.
At this point of time, along with the expansion of the court, a podium was erected on the western side so that the temple made in the classical form can be supported. Some huge Hellenistic structures were made in the place of the temple. The Great Court of the Temple of Jupiter was placed over the ancient court.
Baalbeck in Lebanon is sure to draw the attention of the visitors. History comes alive once you visit this place. The grandeur of the ancient ages, the finest architecture and the intricate design of the constructions are second to none.