Economy: Mumbai city is the financial center of India. Several important financial institutions of India are located in Mumbai city. Some of these are the Mumbai Stock Exchange, the Reserve Bank of India, the National Stock Exchange of India, the Mint, and the headquarters of several top companies of India.
The important industries of Mumbai include the textile industry, automobiles, diamond polishing, information technology, chemicals, and refined petroleum.
The natural harbor of Mumbai is also an important part of its economy. It handles over half of India's passenger traffic and a significant amount of cargo. The film industry of Mumbai is the biggest in the world. It produces the largest number of films in the world annually and employs a significant population of Mumbai. Other important industries of Mumbai are shipbuilding and fish processing. Mumbai city is a city of extremes. Slums and huge mansions exist side-by-side here. Mumbai city also contributes the largest amount of tax revenues of India.
Climate: Being located close to the Arabian Sea, Mumbai city has a temperate climate. It does not experience distinct summer and winter seasons. The climate of Mumbai city can be classified into two seasons - the humid season and the dry season. The humid season lasts between March and October and has high humidity accompanied by temperatures of over 86o F. The dry season lasts from November to February and has low levels of humidity accompanied by warm to cool weather. January is the coldest month with a low temperature of 52o F. Monsoon strikes Mumbai city in mid-June and lasts till September. The city receives most of its rainfall during the monsoon season. Mumbai city is a year round destination, but is at its most pleasant from the months during October to February.
Government Type: The government of the city of Mumbai consists of a municipal corporation whose ceremonial head is the Mayor. The Mayor and the Deputy Mayor are appointed by the elected Councilors. The Councilors are elected through direct voting by the people of Mumbai city. The real executive powers are vested in the Municipal Commissioner, who is an IAS officer who is appointed by the state government. Although the executive authority rests with the Municipal Commissioner, the elected Councilors advise and control the policies and actions of the Municipal Commissioner. Mumbai city is divided into 23 municipal wards, each of which is administered by an Assistant Municipal Commissioner.
|LOCATION||Mumbai city is located in west central India on the Arabian Sea on the Salsette Islands.|
|GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES||Latitude 18.55 N, Longitude 72.50 E|
|AREA||437.72 square km|
|PERCAPITA INCOME||Rs. 48,594|
|MAP||Map of Mumbai|
Major Political Parties:
- Indian National Congress
- Bahujan Samaj Party
- Bhartiya Janata Party
- Communist Party of India
- Communist Party of India (Marxist)
- Nationalist Congress Party
- Shiv Sena