Egyptians, Berbers, Bedouin, Hamitic Arabs and Nubians are different ethnic groups in Cairo population. Majority of the Egyptians are Sunni Muslims and the Christians in Cairo are mainly of Coptic origin.
Christians dominated the population of Cairo before the Muslim invasion. Density of Cairo population within the city is high than the suburbs. Inner city population in Cairo is swelling daily with the influx of workers from the suburbs. These workers migrate to the city in search of livelihood and better living conditions.
Increase in population of Cairo shows an upward trend. One third of the total population in Cairo is under 15 and nearly three fifth is under 30. The positive implication is that Cairo population is relatively young. Life expectancy averages for both men and women is 70 years. The literacy rate of Cairo is around 52 %.
The Government of Egypt has adopted positive measures to control the burgeoning population in the city. It is encouraging the people to adopt effective birth control measures and is fast spreading the idea of family planning. Education among women ranks high in priority. Cairo has addressed its population growth in a unique way. The government feels that population growth can be stabilized by education and advancement of women and assigning them with more political and economic power.