National Museum of Prague is basically a Czech museum institution, which is intended to publicise the natural, historical as well as the cultural collections in the country of Czech Republic. After the French Revolution, when all the items of the royal family and their works of art , culture and science were made public, the National Museum of Prague finds itself being established at that juncture of time. The founding years of the National Museum of Prague date back to 1796, with the formation of the Society of Patriotic Friends of the Arts, by the Count Casper Sternberk-Manderschied and some other noable persons.
There are five major departments in the National Museum of Prague. These include the following:
- The Department of Prehistory and Protohistory, which is blessed with a huge collection of artifacts that date back to thousands of years.
- The Department of Classical Archeology, whose collections are as old as the protohistorical times. The collection of the valuables in this depatments gives prominent signals of the developing years of Czechoslovakia.
- The Department of Ethnography was established with an aim of systematizing the facts and data about the culture and history of the Czechoslavokians as well as European nationals, since the termination of the 17th century till the present time.
- The Department of Numismatics, which is one of the oldest departments in the Prague National Museum and was founded by Count Sternberk.
- The Department of Theater that was originally a part of the National Museum Library. The main motive behind making it a separate entity, in the year 1930, was to consruct the archives of two theaters, namely, the theater Vinohardy and the National Theater.