This city was seized by Sebastian de Belalcazar. The city was established on the 13th day of the month of January in the year 1537. The Popayan city is popularly known as 'white city'. The place has earned this name owing to the number of fascinating buildings it houses that belong to the colonial period. The city is located at a height of about 1,737 meters above the level of the sea.
Popayan of Colombia is quite well known not only throughout the country but also in the entire continent of South America for bearing testimony to the colonial rule. The city exhibits a lot of elegant structures that represent the architecture of the colonizers. The city also has a lot of importance in the political and cultural sectors of Colombia.
The most significant aspect of the political significance of the city is the fact that quite a good number of presidents of the country hail from this city. The artistic contributions of these people associated with the field of art have enhanced the cultural richness of this city of Colombia. The city has produced a number of well reputed poets, composers and painters.