Hong Kong is a city-state situated on south coast of China, enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea. It is surrounded by the South China Sea on the east, south, and west, and by the Guangdong city of Shenzhen to the north over the Shenzhen River.
Of the total area of 426 square miles, 19 square miles is covered by water. Hong Kong comprises Hong Kong Island, the Kowloon Peninsula, the New Territories, and over two hundred other offshore islands. Lantau Island is the largest island in the city covering an area of 56.819 square miles.
How big is Hong Kong?
Hong Kong covers a total area of 426 square miles. One of the most densely populated areas in the world, Hong Kong has a population of seven million people.
What are the ethnic groups in Hong Kong?
Hong Kong has a population of 7.03 million. The majority of the population, almost ninety-five percent is of Chinese descent. Taishanese, Chiu Chow, other Cantonese people, and Hakka are the major Chinese groups. The city has a small South Asian population of Indians, Pakistanis and Nepalese; there are also some Vietnamese refugees. Hong Kong also has some Europeans, Americans, Canadians, Japanese, and Koreans.
What are the administrative divisions of Hong Kong?
Hong Kong is sub-divided into eighteen geographic districts, for administrative purposes. A district council is appointed for each district which advises the government on local matters that include public facilities, community programs, cultural activities, and environmental improvements.
Who are the political leaders of Hong Kong?
Hong Kong is a quasi-presidential autonomous region. Chief Executive - Donald Tsang
Chief Justice - Geoffrey Ma
President of the Legislative Council - Jasper Tsang
What currency is used in Hong Kong?
The Hong Kong dollar denoted by the ISO 4217 code HKD is the official currency of Hong Kong. It is generally abbreviated with a dollar sign $. One dollar is sub-divided into 100 cents. It is the eighth-most traded currency in the world.
What is the official language of Hong Kong?
Cantonese is the official language of Hong Kong. It is a Chinese language originating from Guangdong province to the north of Hong Kong. English is also recognized as an official language, and is spoken by about three percent of the population.
What is the religion of Hong Kong?
The majority of the population of Hong Kong claim to be irreligious, practicing a kind of agnosticism. However, Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism are the major religions practiced in the city. There are also a few Christians, Sikhs, and Hindus. Hong Kong also has a small community of the Jews and followers of the Baha'i faith.
What is the economy of Hong Kong like?
Hong Kong is one of the leading international financial centers in the world. The city has a capitalist service economy, relying heavily on free trade. The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is the seventh-largest in the world. In 2010, the GDP (PPP) of Hong Kong was estimated at $326 billion while the per capita was $45,736. Service sector is the largest in Hong Kong, accounting for over ninety percent of the city's GDP. Tourism is also an important industry; Victoria Peak, Stanley, Aberdeen Harbor, and Victoria Harbor draw millions of tourists worldwide. Agriculture and aquaculture also add to the revenues of the city. The major agricultural crops include cabbage, lettuce, Chinese kale, radish, carrot, leaf mustard, spring onion, watercress, yard long beans, water spinach, amaranth, cauliflower, cucumber, and several species of Chinese gourd. The major trade partners of Hong Kong are mainland China, the United States, and Japan.
When is the national day of Hong Kong celebrated?
The national day of Hong Kong is celebrated o July 1. On this day in 1997, Hong Kong was handed over to the People's Republic of China by the United Kingdom.