throws light on the location and orientation of Santiago. Santiago time zone is calculated 4 hours advance to the Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). During winter, day light saving time is observed in the city.
Santiago enjoys Mediterranean climate due to its location. The city experiences four distinct seasons. Summer season extends from December to February, spring from September to November. March to May experiences autumn and winter season stretches between June and August. Summers are generally dry and hot during daytime with temperatures shooting more than 30º centigrade. However it is cold during night. Winter months experience chilled mornings with temperature dropping to - 2º centigrade. Monsoon sets in the month of April and the months June and July receive the highest rainfall. However, the highest rainfall recorded in Santiago city is 384 mm.
Topography of Santiago
The city of Santiago is a valley of fertile plain. The city is located in the Santiago Basin, which is surrounded by mountains. The eastern part of Santiago faces the Andes range while the western side of the city is flanked by the Chilean Coastal Range. To the southern border of Santiago lies the valley of Angostura de Paine. It is a narrow valley, which is surrounded by Andes from all sides. A division of the Andes mountain range, Cordon de Chacabuco lies to the north of Santiago. Cerro Blanco, Cerro Renca, and Cerro Santa Lucia are some of the hills in Santiago. Santiago geography gives an overview of the topographical features of the city.