Sergipe is mostly savanna and its coastline is characterized by mangroves, swamps and splendid, sandy beaches. A small section of tropical rain forest runs down the coast. The Sao Francisco River flows against its northern boundary. The southern part of the Brazilian state slopes eastward and is drained directly through a number of small rivers into the Atlantic .There is a sandy belt along the coast line, and the western frontier covers hilly region. The intercede areas are highly fertile, especially in the dense forested land which experiences heavy rainfall. The climate of this state is divided into wet and dry seasons with occasional droughts.
Sergipe's economy is mainly centered on the sugarcane production.Along with sugarcane, cassava and oranges are being produced over here. Along with it small-scale leather and textiles industry also exists.
The Brazilian federal government is also taking excessive care on the development of a fledgling petroleum and natural gas industry.
The stars on the Sergipe flag represent the number of river estuaries in the state, while the green and yellow stripes symbolize Sergipe's union. The flag was designed by Jose Rodrigues Bastos Coelho, a noted businessman.
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