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Piaui is a state of Brazil. It is situated in the northeast part of Brazil. The state of Piaui covers the area of 252,000 squire kilometers and has a population around 2.8 million. The capital city of this state is Teresina. Near about 700,000 people from its total population are seen to be residing over here. The western part of Piaui enjoys tropical climate. Teresina, the capital city of Piaui experiences the highest average temperatures in Brazil throughout the year.
There are several cities in the Brazilian state of Piaui. Some of the remarkable places have been mentioned below
Piaui consists of the shortest coastline of any of the non-landlocked Brazilian states. The state of Piaui was first colonized inland and thereafter slowly expanded towards the ocean. The western part of Piaui is bounded by Maranhao while on the east Ceara, Pernambuco and Bahia has surrounded it. It has a few miles of Atlantic coastline on the north. The state is nestled almost entirely within the basin of the Parnaiba and its tributaries.
While traveling around this state of Brazil one will come across several highly important archaeological sites that include Serra de Capivara National Park and Sete Cidades National Park. They deliver the true spirit of prehistoric Amerindian civilizations.
Bandits are the first tribes to settle over here. While during the 1600s, several noblemen, Jesuit priests and Amerindian slaves came here to settle down and with this settlement first large-scale cattle farming arrived in this state. Apart from this a large number of estate owners from neighboring states of Bahia and Maranhao also came here.
During the initial period of the 20th century, the key industry of Piaui was stock-raising while the secondary industry was the raising of goats that were capable to stand neglect and a scanty food supply. The major agricultural products of this state were sugar, cotton and tobacco and the forest products specially include carnauba wax, rubber and dye woods.