|Facts about Canberra City (National Capital Territory)|
|State/Territory||Australian Capital Territory (ACT)|
|Total Area||314.4 sq miles|
|Lat Long Coordinates||35.2828° S, 149.1314° E|
|Time Zome||Australian Eastern Standard Time(AEST) or (UTC+10)|
|Major Religion||Roman Catholic, Christian|
|Universities||University of Canberra, Australian National University|
|Area||2,358 sq km|
|Population||373,100 (March 2012)|
|Places to Visit||Australian War Memorial, National Portrait Gallery, Questacon, National Gallery of Australia, Museum of Australian Democracy, Mount Ainslie Lookout, Lake Burley Griffin, Australian National Botanic Gardens, National Library of Australia, Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex, Cockington Green, Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve, National Museum of Australia, Royal Australian Mint, Namadgi National Park, High Court of Australia, Booroomba Rocks Walk, Royal Canberra Golf Club, Mr Spokes Bike Hire, Australian Vietnam Forces National Memorial, National Zoo and Aquarium, Weston Park, Floriade, National Film & Sound Archive, Commonwealth Park, National Carillon, Canberra and Region Visitors Centre, Turner from the Tate - National Gallery of Australia, Australian National University, National Arboretum|
|Tourist/Places of Attractions
Canberra facts reveal essential objective and practical information required by the international travelers planning to visit this capital city.
Fast facts about Canberra give an overview about the history, geography, population, climate, currency, language and many other relevant information.
Canberra is a relatively young, planned capital city located in the Australian Capital Territory. Population of Canberra is approximately 325,000. It is bounded by New South Wales. The altitude of Canberra is 571 meters above the Pacific Ocean and is 150 kilometers inland. Canberra is 281 kilometers from Sydney and 660 kilometers from Melbourne. The geography of Canberra is diverse with surrounding hilltops and savanna grasslands. Dry eucalyptus forests are common.
The Molonglolo river cuts across the city and has been dammed to create the beautiful artificial lake 'Lake Burley Griffin' right in the heart of the city. Ancient history of Canberra reveals that the land was inhabited by Ngunnawal tribes. The enchanting capital city was designed by a well known Chicago architect named Walter Burley Griffin. The treeless paddock has been transformed into a buzzing commercial and entertainment hub.
The local government of Canberra operates within a democratic federal state system. The Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly acts as the government as well as the city council. Official language in Australia is English and the dominant religion in Christianity.
There are four distinctive seasons in Canberra. Each of the seasons have their own colors and charm.The best time to visit Canberra is during Spring. This season is glorious and is heralded by the blooming of colorful flowers allowing a riot of colors. Spring is characterized by fresh and crisp mornings, bright and sunny days, and brisk nights. Australia falls in the time zone of +10 Greenwich Mean Time.
The Canberra International Airport is located about 7 km east from the main city. Except Australian passport holders all international tourists must possess a visa to enter Canberra. Australian visa can be obtained from selected travel agents and electronic travel authority in the United States and Singapore. The different embassies and consulates of Australia also provide consular services.
The currency of Canberra is the Australian dollar, which comprises 100 cents. Bank notes are available in denominations of A$5, A$10, A$20, A$50 and A$100. Smaller denominations are available in 5c,10c,20c,50c and $1 and $2. Major credit cards like the Visa, Masters, Amex and Diners are accepted throughout. Normal banking hours in Australia are from 9 30 am to 4pm from Monday to Thursday and from 9 30am to 5 pm on Friday. Shops are open from 9 am to 5pm on weekdays and 8 30 am to 4 pm on Saturdays.
Tap water is safe for drinking. The government is strict about maintaining health and hygiene. Food in the restaurants and hotels are absolutely safe. Tropical diseases like typhoid, cholera are virtually non existent.
Canberra facts are important and can be used as useful travel guide by the foreign traveler visiting this country.
Canberra Tourist Destinations
Canberra Railway Museum is a working museum and houses Australia's oldest operating steam locomotive, known as the 1210 and was built in 1878. The location of Canberra Railway Museum is at the Geijera Place at the end of Cunningham Street in Kingston, Canberra.
The archive in Canberra Railway Museum mainly consists of ancient locomotives both from different parts of Australia and other nations. The most powerful steam engine, the 265 tonne Bayer-Garret 6029 is one of the prime attractions among many in this museum. Many old carriages, wooden sleepers, rail motors, passenger cars, freight cars, track-maintenance vehicles and workshop reviews are featured in this museum.
The visitors can climb aboard the trains are look at the interior very closely. This railway exhibition have been very popular specially among children of all ages. The surrounding area of the museum resembles a rail yard, with variety of exhibitions. Many guided tours to the Canberra Railway Museum are conducted by the travel agents. This museum stands very close to the Canberra railway station. Many events are organized on these heritage vehicles, thus on-board catering facilities are available for cocktail parties or dinners.
Canberra Railway Museum is usually frequented on Sundays and other national holidays, however this museum can be kept open for special visits on weekdays too. Visit to this museum enthralls the tourists with its antique collection.
Canberra destinations are the most important attractions of the city, which are appreciated by all sorts of tourists. What is more amazing about the city is that the Canberra destinations are endless and people go on hopping from one spectacular location to another.
The destinations of Canberra range from national attractions to man made structures, from museums to parks and gardens, from historical monuments to art galleries. Some of the popular destinations in Canberra are:
- The Australian War Memorial : It is one of the fantastic museums of Australia and was set up pay a tribute to the numerous people, who gave up their lives in the Australia war of 1915. It is located in the vicinity of the city center.
- The Royal Australian Mint : It was set up in1965 to produce decimal coinage in Australia. Visitors at Royal Australian Mint can participate in several activities like making their own coins or buying souvenirs and collector coins.They can even watch a video on the manner in which coins are produced.
- The National Library of Australia : It is the biggest reference library in the country. The library has an interesting collection includes books, maps, serials, ephemera and online publications.
The popular museums in Canberra are:
- The National Museum of Australia: It is wonderful museum, which explores the various facets of Australian people, land and nation.
- Canberra Museum and Gallery: It houses a great collection of historical, artistic, social and environmental materials from various parts of the Canberra.
Last Updated On : March 02, 2013