Antarctica is located in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere. It encapsulates the South Pole and is the coldest, driest, and the windiest continent. It is the fifth largest continent in the world, and has the highest average elevation of all the continents.
Antarctica is the fifth largest continent in the world. It is almost twice the size of Australia. It covers an area of 5,400,000 square miles. Its geographic coordinates are 90 00S, 0 00E.
What is the population of Antarctica?
Antarctica has no permanent residents. Estimates suggest that there are approximately 1,000 non-permanent residents.
How did Antarctica get its name?
In 1890s, John George Bartholomew, a Scottish cartographer, became the first person to formally used Antarctica as a continental name. It is a Romanized version of the Greek compound word antarktike, meaning "opposite to the Arctic", "opposite to the north".
What is the climate of Antarctica like?
Antarctica is the coldest place on Earth. The temperature remains well below freezing-point: minus 128.6 degrees Fahrenheit was the coldest natural temperature recorded in this region on July 21, 1983. It receives little rainfall and is a frozen desert. Because of its higher elevation, East Antarctica is colder than West Antarctica. About 98% of the continent is covered by ice.
Who is the political leader of Antarctica?
Antarctica has no government. Many countries have claimed sovereignty in certain areas. United Kingdom, New Zealand, France, Norway, Australia, Chile, and Argentina have territorial claims here. These claims, however, have not been recognized universally. Since 1959, new claims on the continent have been suspended and is considered politically neutral. In 1959, Antarctica Treaty, along with other related agreements, was signed; this is known as Antarctic Treaty System.
What is the economy of Antarctica like?
At present, Antarctica has no economic activity. Fishing is popular off the coast. Tourism is a small-scale industry outside the continent. It has existed since 1950s, and since 1969, approximately 30,000 tourists have visited the continent. There are around 70 research stations of 30 different countries in Antarctica.